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Glaucoma FAQ’s with Our Eye Surgeon
At Texas Eye Surgeons, we offer a complete list of eye care services to diagnosis and treat patients with a wide variety of glaucoma cases. Our ophthalmologist, Dr. Ali stresses the importance of early glaucoma detection to preserve patients' vision and quality of life. Dr. Ali provides answers to the following frequently asked questions, but encourages anyone to contact our office for more glaucoma information.
What is glaucoma?
The optic nerve is responsible for transmitting information to the brain, allowing you to process light signals and see. Glaucoma refers to the condition which occurs when the optic nerve is damaged, leading to vision loss. Most often the damage occurs due to unusually high pressure within the eye (intraocular pressure), but other types of glaucoma can also be due to other factors, such as injury.
What are the signs and symptoms of glaucoma?
Glaucoma presents few early signs and symptoms before permanent vision loss occurs. Advanced cases cause eye pain, blurred vision, and sudden vision loss.
What causes glaucoma?
The exact cause of glaucoma is not specifically known. Glaucoma with high intraocular pressure typically occurs, however, when the aqueous fluid within the eye does not drain properly. Improperly developed ducts or drains, tumors, injuries, or infections can cause this build up. Glaucoma present without high pressure is usually due to poor blood flow in or around the optic nerve.
Several risk factors for glaucoma development have been detected including hypertension, diabetes, family history, being over 40, Hispanic, or African American.
How does an eye doctor diagnose glaucoma?
Dr. Ali uses separate tests to look for glaucoma in patients. The test commonly referred to as the "eye puff" test uses tonometry to measure the intraocular pressure of the patient's eye, looking for an abnormal pressure. He also uses pupil dilation and visual acuity tests to inspect the health of the optic nerve.
How is glaucoma treated?
We offer a wide range of glaucoma treatments which depend on the severity of each glaucoma case. Cases detected early can often be managed with oral medications and/or medicated eye drops. More advanced cases might require surgery to help drain excess aqueous fluid within the eye. Our eye surgeon works with each patient to determine the best course of treatment.
Will glaucoma treatment restore my vision?
Unfortunately, any vision loss already caused by glaucoma at the time of treatment cannot be restored with treatment. This is why it is so important to schedule regular vision exams to ensure early diagnosis and preserve vision in the event of developing glaucoma.
Texas Eye Surgeons Treat Glaucoma in Plano, Texas
According to the American Optometric Association, healthy adults should have a comprehensive eye exam once per year while adults in high-risk categories should be seen at least bi-annually to ensure early detection of eye diseases and conditions like glaucoma.
At Texas Eye Surgeons, our eye doctor, Dr. Ali diagnoses and treats patients with all types of glaucoma in Plano, Texas. We offer a wide variety of treatment options, suited to treat and monitor glaucoma at any level of progression.
We encourage you to contact our office at 972-379-3937 to schedule a comprehensive eye exam.